Who Can Condemn My Property?
The individual or entity condemning—or seizing—the property is called a “condemnor”; the individual or entity whose property is being condemned is called a “condemnee.”
The list of possible condemnors is long. State and federal governments, local city and county governments, and even private businesses can take your land if they are able to show that the condemnation—or seizure—is for a public use or purpose, and they pay you just—or fair and reasonable—compensation for the land that is taken.
Federal & State Condemnors
Agencies that commonly condemn property in North Carolina include:
- North Carolina Department of Transportation (NCDOT)
Under transportation statutes, the NCDOT often condemns personal property for roadway projects.
- North Carolina Department of Administration (NCDOA)
State Lands laws allow for the NCDOA to condemn private property for many state agency projects.
In land condemnation actions where federal funds contribute to part or all of a project, condemnors must also follow the requirements of the Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition regulations.
Local Private Condemnors
Local private condemnors may seize private property for public use or benefit under North Carolina eminent domain laws. These condemnors may include:
- cell phone companies,
- pipeline construction companies,
- railroads and other common carriers,
- telephone companies,
- utility companies,
- and other private individuals or entities involved in permissible purposes.
Local Public Condemnors
Local public condemnors, such as town and county governments, also may seize your land for a variety of projects that have local purpose, benefit, or use. Public condemnors may include:
- hospital authorities,
- housing authorities,
- mosquito control districts,
- and sanitary districts.
If you receive a notice that your land is being condemned for public benefit and you are unsure if the agency or entitity seizing your property is justified, our North Carolina eminent domain lawyers can help. Contact HensonFuerst today and learn more about your rights—call (919) 781-1107 or fill out a free initial consultation form.